Respiratory physical therapy effects on cardiovascular functional parameters in essential hipertensive patients

Introduction: The increased incidence of essential hypertension and its complications impose various forms of treatment. Respiratory physical therapy influence respiratory function with implications for blood flow, cardiac labor and, ultimately, on the health. In this context, respiratory physiotherapy programs are an essential component in the recovery of patients with hypertension. Aim of the study was to determine whether respiratory rehabilitation in patients with essential hypertension improves cardiovascular functional indicator values with the ability to keep them optimally. Methods: The study included a number of 24 patients diagnosed with essential hypertension and select based on criteria chosen to avoid possible incidents and accidents caused by effort. They were divided into two groups: A experimental and B control, both by 12 patients. The experiment group received three programs – model of respiratory physiotherapy. Subjective evaluation focused cardiovascular functional parameters (heart rate, systolic and diastolic arterial pressure, oxygen arterial blood saturation) measured at baseline (baseline) after 6 weeks of application exercises (Intermediate) and finally, after 12 weeks of starting training (Final). Th e two batches, experiment and control were compared on the basis of values in the final testings to highlight differences of progress between them at the end. Results: 1. Resting heart rate decreases from the programs applied (averages were equal to 75.08 beats / min in experiment group and 85.50 beats / min in control group). 2. Regarding systolic averages were equal to 120.50 mmHg and 139.58 mmHg experimental group to the control group, the average value being lower in the experiment group. A 3. The parameters diastolic blood pressure, data is homogenous dispersion of both the test group and in the control, with a mean equal to 79.08 mm Hg in the experimental group and the control group 91.92 mmHg, less the amount being present in the experimental group .4. Oxigen arterial blood saturation parameter media was equal to 97.9% in the experimental group and the control group 95.1%. Conclusions: Decreased resting heart rate, sistolic and diastolic blood pressure and increased oxygen arterial blood saturation, caused by breathing exercises of moderate intensity aerobic training, show better transport of oxygen at the cellular level, followed by improving cardiovascular activity. The values obtained are associated with reduced risk of cerebrovascular and cardiovascular events.

ISSN – online: 2734 – 6382
ISSN-L 1220-658X
ISSN – print: 1220-658X
The Romanian Journal of Cardiology is indexed by:
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CODE: 379
CME Credits: 10 (Romanian College of Physicians)