Introduction: Anemia is frequently observed in heart failure (HF) patients.
Objective: The aim of this prospective study was to assess, if it is an independent predictor of outcome or a marker of a worse clinical condition in these patients.
Methods: The study included 134 heart failure patients aged over 18 years. The patients were divided into two groups, according to the presence or absence of anemia at hospital admission. Anemia was defined as a hemo-globin concentration of less than 12 g/dl for women and less than 13 g/dl for men. The endpoints were: length of hospitalization, all cause-death during hospitalization, and all-cause death and HF rehospitalizations at 1 year.
Results: Anemia occurred in 33% of HF patients. The HF patients with anemia were significantly older, had more often ischemic etiology of heart failure and atrial fibrillation, chronic kidney disease and 3 or more co-morbidities. The length of hospitalization was similar between the two groups. Deaths during hospitalization occurred in 13% of anemic and in 3% of the nonanemic patients (p=0.04). During the 1- year follow-up, 45% of the anemic vs. 28% of the nonanemic patients were rehospitalized due to aggravated HF (p=0.04), and 14% of the anemic vs. 20% of the nonanemic patients died (p=0.38). Anemia was strongly predictive for in-hospi-tal and 1- year all-cause deaths in univariate analysis, but not in multivariate analysis.
Conclusions: Anemia seems more a marker of a wor-se clinical condition, rather than an independent risk factor in HF.